සාමාන්‍යපෙළ ඉංග්‍රීසි භාෂාව

Active voice - Passive voice ( part 1)

Simple present tense

  • He writes a letter. (Active voice)
  • A letter is written by him.(Passive voice)

Passive voice - method:
A letter            is                   written                       by him
   ↓                ↓                    ↓                            ↓
object        am/is/are       past participle verb             doer

  • Study the following sentences too

1.She speaks English (Active voice)
  English is spoken by her (Passive voice)


2.We organise a trip (Active voice)
   A trip is organised by us (Passive voice)

3.They visit their parents (Active voice)
   Their parents are visited by them (Passive voice)

  • The following table will help to make the doer when we turn an active voice sentence in to passive voice
Active voice   Passive voice
    I  
  by me
  We
  by us
  You 
  by you
 They   
  by them
  He
  by him
 She        
  by her
  It   
  by it

Presnt continuous tense

  • She is typing the project report. (Active voice)
  • The project report is being typed by her. (Passive voice)

Passive voice - method:
The project report        is being                typed                   by her
        ↓                        ↓
                     ↓                       ↓
     object                     am/is/are      past participle verb       doer

1.The sweeper is cleaning the road (Active voice)

   The road is being cleaned by the sweeper (Passive voice)

2. The principal is delivering a lecture (Active voice)
    A lecture is being delivered by the principle (Passive voice)

3. They are transporting goods (Active voice)
    Goods are being transported by them (Passive voice)

Present perfect tense

  • We have won the competition.(Active voice)
  • The competition has been won by us.(Passive voice)

Passive voice - method:
The competieion         has been                  won                          by us
          ↓                    ↓                       ↓                           ↓
      object           has/have + been      past participle verb            doer

1.The accountant has signed the cheque (Active voice)
   The cheque has been signed by the accountant (Passive voice)

2.The youth club has organised a Shramadana campaign (Active voice)
   A Shramadana campaign has been organised by the youth club (Passive voice)

3. The Secretary has delivered the agenda (Active voice)
     The agenda has been delivered by the Secretary (Passive voice)

Turn the following sentences into passive voice.
1. They repair the buildins.
    .............................................................
2. Kamal reads the novel
    ..............................................................
3.The fish monger sells fish.
    ...............................................................
4. The children are learning English.
    ................................................................
5. The architect is drawing a building plan.
    ...............................................................
6. The scientist are doing experiments.
    ................................................................
7. The cobbler is mending  the shoes.
    .................................................................
8. A philanthropist has donated books to the library.
    .......................................................................
9. The Irrigation Department has taken steps to repair the tank.
    ......................................................................................
10. The English Literary Association has published a monthly magazine.
    ...............................................................................................


ලිපිය නිර්මාණය කලේ,
U
Upeksha Madhubhashini


MEMBER

අදාල තවත් ලිපි,



Upeksha Madhubhashini

සාමාන්‍යපෙළ ඉංග්‍රීසි භාෂාව

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