English words 'some' and 'any' P-ii (KG-05)

 

ENGLISH

FOR EVERY DAY

SIMPLE ENGLISH 

 

How to use:

 

There is,

There are, 

 

Some & Any

 

(Part - ii)

 

 

The dialog between

Anne & Peter :

 

Meanings of main words:

 

Some:

 

(adj)

 

1.

 

of a number not known:

 

Some of the plants died.

 

2.

 

certain or particular,

but not known of name:

 

 

Some man called and wanted 

to speak to you.

 

(adv)

1.

about: 

 

 

We counted some ten dead bodies,

at the scene of the accident. 

 

 

(adv)  

somewhat, 

somehow.

 

 

(pron)

someone 

somebody

 

 

Any:

 

(adj)

 

1.

 

one out of two or more:

 

 

You can select any toy.

 

 

2.

 

some:

 

 

Is there any water

in the refrigerator?

 

 

3.

 

every:

 

 

Any child can do this work.

 

 

(adv)

 

1.

 

at all:

 

 

 

After the treatment,

the patient did not feel

any better. 

 

 

(pron) 

 

1.

 

anything or anybody:

 

 

 

"Did you see wild animals"

" No, I did not see any"

 

 

 

Let's read this dialog first:

 

Between Peter & Anne:

 

A.

There's a staff kitchen

on the other

side of this building.

 

We can have

some coffee there.

 

P.

Good idea!

 

 

At the kitchen:

 

A.

Do you want

milk with your coffee?

 

There is

a bottle of milk

in the back

of the fridge...

 

P.

I prefer it without milk,

but with some sugar.

 

A.

Oh, I'm afraid

there isn't any sugar.

 

P.

Do you have any of those

great cookies?

 

A.

Oh, yes,

there are some cookies

over there.

 

P.

These cookies are fantastic.

Are there any more?

 

A.

There is some in the box.

 

P. 

Thank you! Bye Anne,

It's time for music.

 

 A. 

Hey,

take your dirty napkin

away from

my kitchen!! 

  

It's nice to have you 

as my new office neighbor!

 

(Anne's a bit difficult, isn't she?)

 

 

Now this is

a lesson

about

'some' and 'any'

 

Remember, 

Peter said:

 

Can I have

some coffee

and

some biscuits?

 

Well,

I want to

talk to you

about that

right now.

 

Now in order

to understand

'some' and 'any'

 

We have to

understand the

difference between

countable objects

and

uncountable objects.

 

So, let's take

some ingredients

to make a

wonderful

English Lemon cake.

 

(Now you can imagine

that you are in the kitchen

and the following ingredients

are on your kitchen table.

Can't you?)

 

 

Let's divide them

into countable objects 

and 

uncountable objects.

 

 

Let's start with these...

 

 

Now, these are lemons.

 

Countable means

you can count them.

 

uncountable means

you can't count them.

 

So, can you count

these lemons?

 

Yeah!

One, Two, Three etcetera...

so these are countable. 

So 'there are some lemons.'

 

 

Now, what about these nuts,

nuts can be counted. 

So, there're also countable.

So we say 'there are some nuts.'

 

 

Now, what about this?

This is marmalade... 

 

Now can you count marmalade?

 

Well, you can count the container,

but not the marmalade inside,

so this is uncountable and we say 

in English:

 

There is some,

there is some marmalade.

 

 

marmalade:

(මාමඅලේ(ඉ)ඬ්')

(noun)

 

(mahr- muh- leyd')

( mahr-muh- leyd')

 

{(a jelly-like preserve

in which

small pieces

of fruit

and

fruit rind,

as of oranges

or

lemons,

are suspended.)}

 

 

It's a singular verb,

and it's uncountable.

 

 

Now let's take salt...

Now is this countable or

uncountable for you? 

 

Well, it is very difficult to count,

all the little bits of salt.

 

So that is uncountable.

They're some salt in the bottle.

 

 

This here is spices,

Spices, now you can count,

so we say there are some spices. 

 

 

Now next thing, two eggs,

countable?

or

uncountable?

One, two... countable,

'there are some eggs.'

 

 

What about this? Milk.

You can count the bottles,

but can you count the liquid?

No, so all liquids are uncountable

and we say 'there is some milk.'

 

So singular,

Singular verbs put that there.

 

 

(We use the word 'some' to show

the meaning of more than one unit

if there is only one unit we can

use an article 'an', 'a' or 'the' Okey!)

 

(Please be careful your pronunciation

of the articles in front of the words with

vowel sounds and keeps your mind well.)

 

Now let's take another one,

 

 

Butter,

Butter, can we count that?

Well, we can count the packet.

 

Yes, but the butter inside!

Exactly, no we can't count butter.

 

So 'there is some butter inside.'

 

 

Sugar, we can't count

the same as butter.

 

We can say a packet of sugar or

some sugar on the table. 

 

 

Now, what else have we got?

Flour, you know flour!

 

The flour we use to make pizza,

to make cakes is that countable?

 

Exactly, it's not countable.

It's like salt, like sugar.

 

 

And the last thing, what's this?

Water, is water countable?

 

No, it's not, so water goes with

the uncountable

'there is some water.'

 

 

Now, you can count,

ingredients on your cooking desk.

Can't you?

 

(Give your attention to tag questions ok.)

 

I suppose it's quite difficult. 

 

Now, let's prepare a general summary

as your homework.

 

 

The kind advice:

 

You can use dictionaries

for searching difficult words!

Can't you?

 

Continuing

next part - iii >>>

Okey!

ගුණපාල කුමාරසිංහආරච්චිගේ (KG-05) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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