Words Part-i (GK-12)

 

ENGLISH

DIFFICULT

WORDS

PART - i 

Selected

words:

abandon:

 (meanings)

 

1.

desert.                                             

Ex:

The soldiers

had to

abandon

the camp

as

they ran

short of

ammunition

to defend it.

 

desert:

(a)

ජනශුන් /

හුදකලා වූ /

පාළු නිස්සාර

(Law)

දමා යනවා /

අත්හැර දමනවා

(n)

කාන්තාරය/

ජන ශුන් ප්රදේශය/

නිසරු බිම

(vt)

පිටිපානවා/

සැඟවී යනවා/

යනවා/

අතරමං කරනවා)                       

 

ammunition:

(n)

වෙඩි බෙහෙත්/

උණ්ඩ /

පතොරොම් )

 

defend:

(vt)

ආරක්ශා කරනවා /

රැකබලා ගන්නවා /

විත්තිය වෙනුවෙන්

පෙනී සිටිනවා

 

(The ferry

service

has been

suspended

for

the day

because of

bad weather.

 

Meaning

 

 

To

postpone:

We've postponed

the wedding

until next year. 

{to abandon

one of farm.

/to abandon

a child 

to abandon

a sinking ship}

 

(Meanings)

To give up 

withdraw from 

discontinue:

to abandon

a research project 

to abandon hopes

for a stage career.

 

give up

the control of 

 

abandoning a city

to an enemy army.

 

Desert:

 

{dez-ert ඩෙස()ට්}    

 

dessert:

 

{dih-zurt ඩිස()ට්}

(n)

cake,

pie pudding,

ice cream,

etc..,

served

as the final

course of

the meal.

 

British 

Saving to

the fresh fruit

after

the main course

of a meal. 

 

ammunition:

 

am-yuh-nish- uhn

ඇමියු නිෂ()න්   

 

 

defend:

 

(dih-fend

ඩිෆෙන්ඩ්)

 

 

synonyms:

 

(defend/

defended/

defending )

 

 

Synonyms

for

Abandon :

 

(abandon/

abandoned/

abandoning/

abandoner)

 

see on Thesures.com   

 

Abandon:

 

verb (T) 

{UK /əˈbæn.dən /

අබ()න්ඩ්()න් /} 

{US /əˈbæn.dən/

අබෑන්ඩ්()න් /}

{uh-ban-duhn

()බෑන්ඩ්()න්/}

 

(Law)

විත්තිවාචනය කරනවා /

විත්තියට පෙනී සිටිනවා

 

 

Synonyms

for Abandon:

 

(to cancel

something)                                                                                         

 

 

1.

cancel:

Sorry,

The ferry service

has been

suspended

for the day

because of

bad weather.

 

Sorry,

I have to

cancel

our plans

tonight.             

 

 

2.

call off:

 

The game

has been

called off

because of

the weather.

                 

3. 

 

scrap:

We've

scrapped

our plans

for

a trip

to France.                             

 

 

4. 

 

off:

 

The meeting's

off because

James is ill. 

 

 

5.

 

suspend:

 

The ferry service

has been

suspended

for the day

because of

the bad weather.

 

 

6.

 

 

postpone:

 

We've

postponed

the wedding

until

next year.                               

 

 

7.

 

 

abandon

 

Sweden isn't

likely

ever to

abandon 

its

traditional

neutrality. 

 

 

8.

 

Pressure to

abandon

 

new motorway

is increasing.

 

 

9.

Most

European

countries

have abandoned 

laws 

that

make

vagrancy

crime.

 

 

10.

We were

unable to

get 

funding 

and 

therefore 

had to

abandon

the project.

 

 

11.

A lot of

farming

techniques

have been

abandoned

because

they were

too

labor-intensive.

 

 

Abandon:

 

UK /əˈbæn.d

අබ්()බන්ඩඅන්ඩ්                                                                 

US /əˈbæn.dən/}

{uh-ban-duhn

()බෑන්ඩ්()න්}

                                                           

 

1.

 

Desert:

noun [ C or U ]                                                                                   

UK

/ˈdez.ət

ඩෙසට් 

US 

/ˈdez.ɚt

ඩෙසඅට් 

 

 

abandon:

 

verb[ T ]

UK /əˈbændən

US / ()බන්ඩ්()න්                                                 

US/əˈbændən/ 

 

 

Aback

 

(adverb)

UK/əˈbæk

()බැක් 

US /əˈbæk /

uh bak /

()බෑක්

                    

 

Meaning:

 

1.

be taken back.

She was

somewhat

taken aback

by

her honesty.                                                     

 

2.

aback:

(adv)

විශ්මයට,

පසුපසට,

පස්සට,

පස්සෙන්,

පුදුමයට.

 

3.

Abaft:

(adv)

UK

/əˈbɑːft

{uh-baft,

uh-bahft}

()බාෆ්ට්

US 

/əˈbæft /

()බෑෆ්ට්

 

 

meaning:

 

 

sailing

specialize

 

Meaning:

at the

back of

or

behind

a ship

or

boat

 

Example:

 

The

mizzenmast

is abaft

of the

mainmast.

 

නැවේ

අවරයේ පිහිටි

කුඹය,

මහකුඹයට

පිටුපසින්

පිහිටයි.

 

abandoned:

 

(adj)

UK

/əˈbæn.dənd

()බැන්ඩ()න්ඩ් 

US

/əˈbæn.dənd/

{uh-ban-duhnd}

()බෑන්ඩ්()න්ඩ්

 

Meaning:

Left

in

a particular

place

or

condition,

usually

forever:

 

 

Example:

We have to

abandon

the car.

{The car

has been

abandoned.}

abandonware:

(n)

UK 

/əˈbæn.dən.weər

() බැන්ඩ්()න් වෙයා               

US

/ əˈbæn dənˌwɛər /

()බෑන්ඩ්()න්වෙයා 

                                              

 

Meaning:

computing

specialized 

 

software

that is

no longer

produce

or

supported

by

the company

that

originally

made it.

 

 

Example:

 

If you

remember

these

old game

titles,

many of them

have become

abandonware

and

can be

found

and

downloaded

internet.

 

 

ABAP:

 

(n)

UK ඒබී ඒපී

US ඓබී ඓපී

 

 

Meaning:

 

abbreviation

for

advanced

business

application.    

 

 

Example:

 

 

Definition of

ABAP from

the Cambridge

Business

English

Dictionary

Cambridge

University

Press.   

 

abase:

 

 

(v)

formal

UK

/əˈbeɪs

()()යිස් 

US

/əˈbeɪs ()()යිස් /

(v)

 

පහත් කරනවා,

නිවට කරනවා,

නින්දා කරනවා  

(vt)

පහතට

හෝ

යටතට

හෝ

අවමානයට

හෝ

පමුණුවනවා

                                                           

 

Dictation:

 

Write

the numbers

name:

 

16 - Sixteen,  

 

6 - Six, 

 

9 - nine,

 

8 - Eight,  

 

12 - Twelve,

 

13 - Thirteen

 

14 - Fourteen,

 

15 - Fifteen,

 

5 - Five,

 

2 - Two,

 

1 - One, 

 

17 - Seventeen,

 

11 - Eleven,

 

3 - Three  

 

18 - Eighteen,

 

19 - Nineteen,

 

20 - Twenty,

 

4 - Four.

 

7 - Seven, 

 

10 - Ten.

 

 

Short

answers:

Feelings:

 

I'm happy.

 

I'm sad. 

 

I'm busy.

 

I'm kind. 

 

I'm lazy. 

 

I'm honest.

 

I'm sleepy. 

 

I'm tired.

 

I'm thirsty.

 

I'm hungry. 

 

I'm Okey.

 

මට බඩගිනියි.

මට තිබහයි.

මට සතුටුයි.

 

 

මට කම්මැලියි.

මම අවංකයි.

මට කනගාටුයි.

 

මම කරුණාවන්තයි.

මට නිඳිමතයි.

මට මහන්සියි.

ඔකෙයි මට ඔක්කම හරි.

 

Seven

days

of the

week:

 

Study

days

of the

week:

 

Monday,

 

 

Tuesday,

 

 

Wednesday,

 

Thursday, 

 

Friday, 

 

Saturday, 

 

Sunday.

 

 

Twelve

months

of the

year:

 

 

Study

months

of the

year:

 

January, 

 

February, 

 

March, 

 

April

 

May, 

 

June, 

 

July, 

 

August,

 

September, 

 

October, 

 

November,

 

December.

 

Important

words:

 

Sri Lanka,

Tamil,

Burgers,

mosque,

temple, 

 

national dress,

national flag,

priest,

monk, 

Sinhalese, 

 

Muslims,

food,

church, 

languages,

national anthem.

 

Objects

in the

classroom:

chair,

cupboard,

desk,

chalk,

blackboard, 

 

bags,

book,

bottle,

register,

record book, 

 

table,

table cloth,

duster,

posters,

eraser, 

 

pens,

pencil,

gum,

glue,

clay, 

 

pictures,

calendar,

ruler,

lunch box.

 

 

Daily

using

words:

 

Persons

in the

school:

 

prefect,

watcher,

group leader,

vice-principal,

peon, 

 

teacher, 

security guard,

captain,

monitor,

principal, 

 

staff room, 

room,

toilet,

playground,

tap,

 

office,

library,

Shrine room,

dancing room,

fence, 

 

gate,

well,

garden,

corridor,

dental clinic, 

 

canteen,

classroom,

Art room.

 

Dictation:

 

climb,

furniture,

admire, 

 

sharp,

guard,

world, 

 

caterpillar,

ocean,

peacock, 

 

owl,

sparrow,

iguana,

 

elephant,

woodpecker,

classroom, 

 

vise principal,

antenna,

horns,

 

tongue,

winner,

dummy,

 

share,

airplane,

helicopter, 

 

lorry,

ancient,

jasmine, 

home.

  

{Thank you

for watching!

Okay!}

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part ii >>

ගුණපාල කුමාරසිංහආරච්චිගේ (GK-12)


කතෘ : කුමාරසිංහආරච්චිගේ ගුණපාල
ලිපිය : පාසලට අදාල ලිපියක්
කියවූ ගණන : 141
කැමති ගණන : 0